Italy is a Southern European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi), and land area of 294,140 km2 (113,570 sq mi), and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia of southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively.


Capital: Rome
Population: 10.6 million
Flag of Italy
$1USD = 0.90 Euro Climate Before you go Health & Safety Visa Information Electrical
Italy Placeholder

Abruzzo Basilicata Calabria Campania Emilia-Romagna
Friuli-Venezia Giulia Lazio Liguria Lombardia Marche
Molise Piemonte Puglia Sardegna Sicilia
Toscana Trentino-Alto Adige Umbria Valle d’Aosta Veneto
Rome Venice Florence Milan Naples Genoa
Turin Pisa Palermo Amalfi Siena

Under the Schengen agreement, U.S. citizens traveling to EU countries for business or tourist purposes may remain in the country for up to 90 days without a visa. If you intend to be in the EU country for longer than 90 days, you'll need to apply for a visa.

In most European countries the standard voltage is 230 V and the frequency is 50 Hz. You can use your electric appliances, if the standard voltage in your country is in between 220 - 240 V (as is in the UK, Europe, Australia and most of Asia and Africa).

If the standard voltage in your country is in the range of 100 V - 127 V (as is in the US, Canada and most South American countries), you will need a voltage converter.

Power plugs and sockets type F are used in Spain

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