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Italy is a Southern European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi), and a land area of 294,140 km2 (113,570 sq mi), and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia of southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively.

Capital: Rome
Population: 10.6 million



Friuli-Venezia GiuliaLazioLiguriaLombardiaMarche
TuscanyTrentino-Alto AdigeUmbriaValle d’AostaVeneto

Blog Posts:

Italy: Rome – A 3 Day Itinerary for the Eternal City

Rome, the \”Eternal City\” is a fascinating place to visit and there are so many places to visit. …

Italy: Rome – Appian Way and the Catacombs

I thought it would be great to escape the hustle and bustle of the centre of Rome and escape to …

Holy See & the Vatican City

Vatican City is an independent walled-off city within Rome that is about 110 acres and has a …

Italy: Rome – Ops! Vegan Restaurant (Review)

After our first two nights in Rome where we \”suspended\” our vegan diet to try some traditional …

Italy: Rome – The Roman Forum and Colosseum

There are some iconic things to see and do in Rome, one of which is the Colosseum. So, I explored …

Italy: Venice & its lagoon

Venice is a beautiful city. We went in August and it was very, very busy and extremely hot. …
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