skip to Main Content

Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of 360,390 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík, with Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country being home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude almost entirely outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence keep summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate.

According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island. In the following centuries, Norwegians, and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, emigrated to Iceland, bringing with them thralls (i.e., slaves or serfs) of Gaelic origin.


Capital: Reykjavík
Population: 360,000
Flag of Iceland

Location of Iceland

Useful Information
$1USD = 0.16 Króna Climate Travel tips Health & Safety Visa Information Electrical

Blog Posts:

Iceland: Two day itinerary

Iceland: Two day itinerary

Iceland is a land of volcanoes, geysers, glaciers and powerful rivers, all of which have carved ...
Iceland: Þingvellir National Park

Iceland: Þingvellir National Park

40km from Reykjavik, Þingvellir (pronounced Thingvellir) National Park is a site of historical, ...
Load More
Back To Top
PHP Code Snippets Powered By :