The US Center For Disease Control maintains an updated list of medical advice for those travelling to Germany
The CDC recommends being up to date with all your regular shots. These vaccines include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot
They also suggest be vaccinated for hepatitis A. There is also some advice about protection for hepatitis B and rabies – but this depends to some degree on where you are heading and what you are doing.
The European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) entitles EU citizens to the same emergency health-care benefits as local citizens receive from their national health care; therefore, most emergency care in Germany will be free for EU citizens, but transporting you to your home country, if you fall ill, will not be covered.
Citizens from other countries should find out if their personal insurance policy covers them abroad. Doctors expect cash if you do not have a national or European health-insurance card; make sure your insurance plan will reimburse your expenses.
Regardless of whether or not you carry an EHIC card, it’s always wise to bring cash, a credit card and a valid passport to any hospital or emergency clinic.
No jabs are required to travel to Italy, though the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that all travellers should be covered for diphtheria, tetanus, the measles, mumps, rubella, polio and hepatitis B.
The level of health care in Germany is high, and all cities and large towns will have a hospital or clinic offering emergency medical treatment. Prague has several hospitals that are used to treating visiting foreigners. Costs are reasonable and generally lower than in Western Europe, and much lower than in the US.
Tap water in Germany and other large cities is safe to drink. Opt for bottled water in rural areas.
Here is a link to the US State Department Travel Advisory for Germany for the latest information on travelling to Italy.
Remember the emergency number in Germany is 112. It works on any phone.
Travelling in Germany is generally safe, it’s highly ranked on the list of the safest and most dangerous countries. … Visitors of the country never faced any serious threats during their stay in the country, however, pickpocketing, petty thefts, bag snatching and ATM scams are possible.
Use ATM machines in a bank and not the ones on sidewalks. This is to prevent youngsters from rushing to you in a group and grabbing the money as it comes out of the machine. Also, some ATM machines on the street may have had their keyboards tampered with and will transmit your card number and code to someone who will try to empty your account. This is called card skimming.