Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres (137,988 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second-most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying entirely in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a very decentralised country. Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country’s busiest airport. Germany’s largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen. The country’s other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Bremen, Dresden, Hanover, and Nuremberg.

Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before AD 100. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815. The German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights.

 

Capital: Berlin
Population: 10.6 million
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Location of the Czech Republic (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
USEFUL INFORMATION
$1USD = 23.40 Czech Kr. Climate Before you go Health & Safety Visa Information Electrical
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Czech Republic
Regions
Prague Central Bohemian South Bohemian Vysočina
Liberec Hradec Králové Plzeň Karlovy Vary
Ústí nad Labem  Olomouc Moravian-Silesian South Moravian
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CITIES
Prague Brno Ostrava Olomouc Pilsen
Czech Republic & Germany: Bohemian & Saxon Switzerland

Czech Republic & Germany: Bohemian & Saxon Switzerland

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Czech Republic: Prague – Three Day Itinerary

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Czech Republic: The amazing Prague Castle

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Czech Republic: Prague – Sex Machines Museum

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Czech Republic: Prague – Places serving vegan food

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Czech Republic: Prague – U Páva (Accommodation Review)

For our stay in Prague we wanted to stay close to city centre as we planned to walk everywhere. ...
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Under the Schengen agreement, U.S. citizens traveling to EU countries for business or tourist purposes may remain in the country for up to 90 days without a visa. If you intend to be in the EU country for longer than 90 days, you'll need to apply for a visa.

In most European countries the standard voltage is 230 V and the frequency is 50 Hz. You can use your electric appliances, if the standard voltage in your country is in between 220 - 240 V (as is in the UK, Europe, Australia and most of Asia and Africa).

If the standard voltage in your country is in the range of 100 V - 127 V (as is in the US, Canada and most South American countries), you will need a voltage converter.

Power plugs and sockets type F are used in Spain

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