South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who compose a large portion of the population and historically dominated the territory. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the fifth smallest by population and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. As the southern part of the former Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with North Dakota. Pierre is the state capital and Sioux Falls, with a population of about 187,200,[8] is South Dakota’s largest city.

South Dakota is bordered by the states of North Dakota (to the north), Minnesota (to the east), Iowa (to the southeast), Nebraska (to the south), Wyoming (to the west), and Montana (to the northwest). The state is bisected by the Missouri River, dividing South Dakota into two geographically and socially distinct halves, known to residents as “East River” and “West River”.

Eastern South Dakota is home to most of the state’s population, and the area’s fertile soil is used to grow a variety of crops. West of the Missouri River, ranching is the predominant agricultural activity, and the economy is more dependent on tourism and defence spending. Most of the Native American reservations are in West River. The Black Hills, a group of low pine-covered mountains sacred to the Sioux, are in the southwest part of the state. Mount Rushmore, a major tourist destination, is there. South Dakota has a temperate continental climate, with four distinct seasons and precipitation ranging from moderate in the east to semi-arid in the west. The state’s ecology features species typical of a North American grassland biome.

Capital: Pierre

Blog Posts:

South Dakota: Geographical Center of the USA

Visiting the commemorative and actual locations of the geographical center of the United States. ...

South Dakota: Crazy Horse Memorial

A spectacular tribute to the Lakota Nation and education center focused on the native American ...

South Dakota: Pine Ridge Reservation – Wounded Knee

Since coming to live in the United States I have enjoyed discovering more about the history and ...

South Dakota: Wind Cave National Park

Regarded as sacred by American Indians, exploration of the the area known a Wind Cave did not ...

South Dakota: De Smet – Ingalls Family Home

As we have traveled around the United States we have adopted some strange challenges. One of these ...

South Dakota: Rapid City – South Dakota Air and Space Museum

I still get excited when I get the chance to visit a new museum dedicated to air and space, so ...

South Dakota: Hot Springs – Mammoth Site

The dig site is uncommon as the mammoth bones that the excavation has exposed have been left in ...

South Dakota: Badlands National Park

The Badlands National Park is a rugged, harsh and beautiful landscape. Set in 244,000 sq acres in ...

South Dakota: Minuteman National Historic Site

Minuteman Missile National Historic Site protects two facilities that were once part of a ...

South Dakota: Mitchell – Corn Palace

Mitchell is home of the world\'s only Corn Palace. The original version of the Corn Palace was ...

South Dakota: Wall – Wall Drug Store

As you travel around America, especially the mid-west you\'ll come across billboards advertising ...

South Dakota: Mount Rushmore National Park

Mount Rushmore is a relatively recent creation, and started as a concept by state historian Doane ...
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