Mexico is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fourth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 129 million people, Mexico is the tenth most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Other metropolises in the country include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, and León.

Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of six cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan (part of Mexico City), which was administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain. The Roman Catholic Church played a powerful role in governing the country as millions were converted to the faith, although King Charles III expelled the Jesuits in the 1770s. The territory became a nation-state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes. The Mexican–American War (1846–1848) led to a territorial loss of part of the huge northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, and the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century. The Porfiriato ended with the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated in the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of an authoritarian one-party state,  once described as the “perfect dictatorship”, that ruled for much of the 20th century until the opposition victories led Mexico to democratic transition in the 1990s.

 

Capital: Mexico City
Population: 126.6 million
USEFUL INFORMATION
$1USD = 19.26 Peso Climate Before you go Health & Safety Visa Electrical System

Mexico - Regions
Regions

Aguascalientes Baja California Norte Baja California Sur Campeche
Chiapas Mexico City Chihuahua Coahuila
Colima Durango Guanajuato Guerrero
Hidalgo Jalisco México Michoacán
Morelos Navarre Nuevo León Oaxaca
Puebla Querétaro Quintana Roo San Luis Potosí
Sinaloa Sonora Tabasco Tamaulipas
Tlaxcala Veracruz Yucatán Zacatecas
CITIES
Mexico City Cancun Oaxaca Tijuana Guadalajara

Blog Posts:

 

Mexico: Yucatan – Chichen Itza (UNESCO)

The ancient Mayan ruins at Chichén Itzá on Mexico\'s Yucatán Peninsula are truly amazing and should be on everyone\'s ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo; Tulum – Succulenta (Review)

I had thought that with its New Age reputation that Tulum would be bristling with vegan restaurants but when we checked out ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo, Tulum – La Hoja Verde (Review)

Anyway we totally stuffed on the tamales we had only ten minutes before finished so we couldn\'t force any more food down ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Zöetry Paraiso de la Bonita (Review)

As we have matured in years (a.k.a. got old) our taste for the type of vacation we take has developed, particularly as we ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Xcaret Eco-Archeological Park

Visit Xcaret eco-archeological park where you can enjoy a full days exploration of Mexico\'s biodiversity and cultural ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Tulum Mayan Ruins

I had for some time wanted to leave behind the commercial hubbub of northern reaches of Cancún and it\'s party vibe for ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Puerto Morelos

The coast line of the Riviera Maya on Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula has been gobbled up by a land grab of beach resorts, the ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Playa del Carmen

When we stay on the Riviera Maya on Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula, we avoid going into Cancún at all costs, especially ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Pitted Date (Review)

Located close to Playa Del Carmen\'s Avienda 5, but in a quieter area, the Pitted Date, was a wonderful find. Being a ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Los Robles (Review)

Los Robles is a bijou, brightly decorated cafe located on one of the main streets through the town. It looked so welcoming ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – La Senda, restaurant review

Café style dining with an all vegan menu close to the heart of Playa del Carmen. We arrived at La Senda in a bit of a rush ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Isla Mujeres

After several days of perfect weather we awoke to a cloudy and blustery morning, that threatened rain. It was not cold so ...

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Chaya and Cacao (Review)

We had checked out the Happy Cow app to find a vegan restaurant on Isla Mujeres and after reading the reviews of the ...
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