Mexico City (Ciudad de Mexico)

Mexico City is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. It is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the world. It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus in the centre of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 alcaldías, formerly known as boroughs.

The 2009 population for the city proper was approximately 8.84 million people, with a land area of 1,485 square kilometres (573 sq mi). According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the population of Greater Mexico City is 21.3 million, which makes it the second-largest metropolitan area of the Western Hemisphere, the eleventh-largest agglomeration (2017), and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world.

Greater Mexico City has a GDP of $411 billion in 2011, making Greater Mexico City one of the most productive urban areas in the world. The city was responsible for generating 15.8% of Mexico’s GDP, and the metropolitan area accounted for about 22% of total national GDP. If it were an independent country, in 2013, Mexico City would be the fifth-largest economy in Latin America, five times as large as Costa Rica and about the same size as Peru.

Mexico’s capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Native Americans, the other being Quito, Ecuador. The city was originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, which was almost completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards. In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, and as of 1585, it was officially known as Ciudad de México (Mexico City). Mexico City was the political, administrative, and financial centre of a major part of the Spanish colonial empire. After independence from Spain was achieved, the federal district was created in 1824.

Blog Posts:

Mexico: Mexico City – the trendy districts of Roma and La Condesa

During our week-long stay in Mexico City, we fell in love with the place. We stopped in the heart of the city, close to the ...

Mexico: Mexico City – The Historic Central District

The energetic heart of this megalopolis has oodles of historical and beautiful places to visit, plus some great eateries ...

Mexico: Mexico City – Chapultepec Castle and the Anthropology Museum

We spent a day visiting Bosque de Chapultepec, one of the largest urban parks in the Western Hemisphere, in the heart of ...

Mexico: Mexico City – National Autonomous University of Mexico

National Autonomous University of Mexico (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México or UNAM) is the most important and ...

Mexico: Mexico City – Exploring the canals of Xochimilco

A community of Mexico City connected by the canal system built by the Aztecs     The megapolis that is Mexico ...

Mexico: Mexico City – Coyoacán and Frida Kahlo’s Casa Azul

Coyoacán is an oasis of calm in the heart of Mexico City and the home of Frida Kahlo’s Casa Azul    Mexico City ...
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