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Mexico is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fourth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 129 million people, Mexico is the tenth most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Other metropolises in the country include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, and León.

Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of six cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan (part of Mexico City), which was administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain. The Roman Catholic Church played a powerful role in governing the country as millions were converted to the faith, although King Charles III expelled the Jesuits in the 1770s. The territory became a nation-state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes. The Mexican–American War (1846–1848) led to a territorial loss of part of the huge northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, and the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century. The Porfiriato ended with the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated in the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of an authoritarian one-party state,  once described as the “perfect dictatorship”, that ruled for much of the 20th century until the opposition victories led Mexico to democratic transition in the 1990s.

Capital: Mexico City
Population: 126.6 million
 Useful Information

Mexico – Regions
$1USD = 19.78 Peso
Climate
Before you go
Health & Safety
Visa
Electrical
Regions
Aguascaliente Baja California NortesBaja California SurCampecheChiapasChihuahua
CoahuilaColimaDurangoGuanajuatoGuerreroHidalgo
JaliscoMéxicoMexico CityMichoacánMorelosNavarre
Nuevo LeónOaxacaPueblaQuerétaroQuintana RooSan Luis Potosí
SinaloaSonoraTabascoTamaulipasTlaxcalaVeracruz
YucatánZacatecas    

Cities

Mexico CityCancunOaxacaTijuanaGuadalajara

 

Mexico: Mexico City – National Anthropology Museum

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Mexico: México – Teotihuacan

If during a visit to the Mexico City area you are looking to escape the hustle and bustle of the city then you should …

Mexico: Colonial Cholula & Puebla

Due to its history and architectural styles ranging from Renaissance to Mexican Baroque, Puebla was named a UNESCO World …

Mexico: Mexic City UNAM

National Autonomous University of Mexico (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México or UNAM) is the most important and …

Mexico: A playground in the sun, on the Riviera Maya – Playa del Carmen

When we stay on the Riviera Maya on Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula, we avoid going into Cancún at all costs, especially during …

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Tulum Mayan Ruins

We desperately wanted to leave behind the commercial hubbub of northern reaches of Cancún and it\’s party vibe for the more …

Mexico: Mexico City – Xochimilco

The megapolis that is Mexico City today is a far cry from what the valley looked like around 100 A.D when the area was …

Mexico: Mexico City – the trendy districts of Roma and La Condesa

During our week-long stay in Mexico City, we fell in love with the place. We stopped in the heart of the city, close to the …

Mexico: Mexico City – Historic Centre

The energetic heart of this megalopolis has oodles of historical and beautiful places to visit, plus some great eateries …

Mexico: Mexico City – Chapultepec Castle and forest

We spent a day visiting Bosque de Chapultepec, one of the largest urban parks in the Western Hemisphere, in the heart of …

Mexico: Mexico City – Coyoacán and Frida Kahlo’s Casa Azul

Coyoacán is an oasis of calm in the heart of Mexico City and the home of Frida Kahlo’s Casa Azul Mexico City is a …

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Las Robles (Review)

Los Robles is a bijou, brightly decorated cafe located on one of the main streets through the town. It looked so welcoming …

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Puerto Morelos

The coast line of the Riviera Maya on Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula has been gobbled up by a land grab of beach resorts, the …

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Pitted Date (Review)

Located close to Playa Del Carmen\’s Avienda 5, but in a quieter area, the Pitted Date, was a wonderful find. Being a …

Mexico: Quintana Roo – Zöetry Paraiso de la Bonita

As we have matured in years (a.k.a. got old) our taste for the type of vacation we take has developed, particularly as we …
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