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Costa Rica officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and maritime border with Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. 

Costa Rica was inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the Federal Republic of Central America, from which it formally declared independence in 1847. Following the brief Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army.

The country has consistently performed favourably in the Human Development Index (HDI), placing 62nd in the world as of 2020, and fifth in Latin America. It has also been cited by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as having attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels, with a better record on human development and inequality than the median of the region. It also performs well in comparisons of the state of democracy, press freedom and subjective happiness. It has the 7th freest press according to the Press Freedom Index, it is the 37th most democratic country according to the Freedom in the World index and it is the 12th happiest country in the World Happiness Report.

Capital: San Jose
Population: 5 million

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Costa Rica
San José

Blog Posts

Costa Rica: Alajuela – Ten great things to do in La Fortuna

La Fortuna is about 2.5 hours from San Jose. It’s known as a gateway to Arenal Volcano National …

Costa Rica: Alajuela – The Best Hot Springs in La Fortuna / Arenal

The Arenal Volcano eruption of 1968 changed the topography of the area around La Fortuna / Arenal. …

Costa Rica: La Fortuna / Arenal – Hotel Arenal Xilopalo (Review)

The central mountains of Costa Rica are a tourist haven with stunning scenery, beautiful …

Costa Rica: Alajuela – Volcan Arenal

Located 15 kilometres from Fortuna between the foothills of the Cordillera de Tilaran mountain …

Costa Rica: Tortuguero – Buddha Home (Review)

There are not a lot of options of where to stay in Tortuguero, but after a bit of research we …

Costa Rica: Limon Province – Tortuguero National Park

Created in 1975, Tortuguero National Park is the most important green sea turtle nesting ground in …

Costa Rica: Limon Province – Ara Manzanillo

Once prevalent throughout the entire Costa Rican Caribbean, Great Green Macaw populations have …

Costa Rica: The Jaguar Rescue Centre

The Jaguar Rescue Centre covers an area of approximately 22,000 square meters and is capable of …

Costa Rica: Limon Province – Moin to Tortuguero National Park

Getting to Tortuguero National Park on Costa Rica\’s Caribbean Coast is not easy as you cannot …

Costa Rica: Limon Province – Puerto Viejo de Talamanca

Puerto Viejo de Talamanca is a small town in southeast Costa Rica, on the Caribbean coast. It’s …

Costa Rica: Puerto Viejo de Talamanca – Villas del Caribe (Review)

Villas del Caribe is a hotel at the south end of Puerto Viejo de Talamanca on Costa Rica\’s …

Costa Rica: Limon Province – Cauhita National Park

Cahuita National Park was established in 1970 to protect a large coral reef off the Caribbean. …

Costa Rica: Parque Nacional de Irazú

Located in Central Costa Rica, Irazú is an active volcano. Its maximum elevation is 11260 feet …
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