The Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; it’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus valley civilization of the third millennium BCE. By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of the Vedas, and recording the dawning of Hinduism in India. The Dravidian languages of India were supplanted in the northern regions. By 400 BCE, stratification and exclusion by caste had emerged within Hinduism, and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity. Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta empires based in the Ganges basin, their collective era suffused with wide-ranging creativity but also marked by the declining status of women, and the incorporation of untouchability into an organized system of belief. In south India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia.

Capital: New Delhi
Population: 1.4 Billion

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Blog Posts:

India: Varanasi – The Suryauday Haveli review

We had for a long time wanted to visit the sacred Hindu city of Varanasi, and were not …

India: The streets of Varanasi: silk weaving, bazaars …. and lassi

Varanasi is known as the \’City of Temples\’ but it is much more than just a religious centre …

India: Varanasi – a sacred Hindu city and centre for culture and education

Varanasi is an explosion of sensations that overcome you as soon as you arrive. Part of our reason …

India: Varanasi – Life along the Ganges River

When planning our trip to India I was determined to visit Varanasi, the holiest of cities for …

UNESCO: India, the Taj Mahal an ultimate tribute to love

We were a little worried with the potential of fog completely engulfing the Taj Mahal. But we got …

India: Delhi – Old Delhi; Great Mosque (Jama Masjid) & The Red Fort

When visiting India\’s capital city you simply must explore the somewhat crazy and super busy area …

India: New Delhi – Qutab Minar and Humayon’s tomb

Our first day in India was an exploration of New Delhi visiting the UNESCO sites Qutab Minar and …

UNESCO: India – The Jantar Mantar,Jaipur

The Jantar Mantar, is a monument which houses a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical …

UNESCO World Heritage Site: India – Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh

The ancient city of Fatehpur Sikri was founded by Emperor Akbar as the capital of Mughal Empire in …

UNESCO: India – Keoladeo National Park

An unplanned visit to Keoladeo National Park which turned out to be wonderful and we were lucky to …

India: Rajasthan – Jaipur, Dera Mandawa (Review)

During our visit we had the pleasure of staying at the Dera Mandawa,  which is conveniently …

UNESCO: India – Jaipur the “Pink City”

Exploring Rajasthan\’s \”Pink City\”, with its population of around 3½ million. We\’d visit the …

India: Rajasthan – Jaipur, City Palace

A visit to the extraordinary observatory and the City Palace in the heart of Jaipur …

India: Rajasthan – Jaipur, Amber (or Amer) Palace

A visit to the spectacular Amer (or Amber) Fort located about 11 km from the Rajasthan city of …

India: Delhi – 2 Day Tour

A packed 2 day itinerary visiting the major historical sites of Old and New Delhi. …
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