The Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; it’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus valley civilization of the third millennium BCE. By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of the Vedas, and recording the dawning of Hinduism in India. The Dravidian languages of India were supplanted in the northern regions. By 400 BCE, stratification and exclusion by caste had emerged within Hinduism, and Buddhism and Jainism had arisen, proclaiming social orders unlinked to heredity. Early political consolidations gave rise to the loose-knit Maurya and Gupta empires based in the Ganges basin, their collective era suffused with wide-ranging creativity but also marked by the declining status of women, and the incorporation of untouchability into an organized system of belief. In south India, the Middle kingdoms exported Dravidian-languages scripts and religious cultures to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia.


Capital: New Delhi
Population: 1.4 Billion


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Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar
Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana
Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka
Kerela Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur
Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha
Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu
Telangana Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal
Delhi Mumbai Kolkata Chennai Hyderad Bengaluru

Blog Posts:

India: The Jantar Mantar

The Jantar Mantar, is a monument which houses a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical ...

India: The Red Fort

The Red Fort is a large complex in the centre Old Delhi, and for 200 years, until 1857, was the ...

India: Fatehpur Sikri

The ancient city of Fatehpur Sikri was founded by Emperor Akbar as the capital of Mughal Empire in ...

India: Taj Mahal

We were a little worried with the potential of fog completely engulfing the Taj Mahal. But we got ...

India: Jaipur

Exploring Rajasthan\'s \"Pink City\", with its population of around 3½ million. We\'d visit the ...

India: Humayon’s tomb

Humayon\'s Tomb is set within a complex with extensive and lush gardens, amongst which are ...

India: Qutab Minar

Qutab Minar is a minaret that forms part of the Qutab complex, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The ...

India: Rajasthan – Jaipur, Dera Mandawa (Review)

During our visit we had the pleasure of staying at the Dera Mandawa,  which is conveniently ...

India: Rajasthan – Jaipur the “Pink City”

Exploring Rajasthan\'s \"Pink City\", with its population of around 3½ million. We\'d visit the ...

India: Rajasthan – Jaipur, City Palace & Observatory

A visit to the extraordinary observatory and the City Palace in the heart of Jaipur ...

India: Rajasthan – Jaipur, Amer Palace

A visit to the spectacular Amer (or Amber) Fort located about 11 km from the Rajasthan city of ...

India: Delhi – 2 Day Tour

A packed 2 day itinerary visiting the major historical sites of Old and New Delhi. ...

India: Rajasthan – Ranthambore National Park

In search of tigers but only found some mating hyenas – much rarer! When we got back to the ...

India: Ranthambore National Park – Khem Villas review

Accommodation: We enjoyed a 2 day, 3 night stay at Khem villas during our tiger safari at ...

India: Rajasthan – Village visit and Fatehpur Sikri (UNESCO)

Leaving Agra en route to our tiger safari in Ranthambore we stopped at a village to see local life ...
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