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A Juvenile Orangutan At The Feeding Station - Sepilok Orangutan Sanctuary, Sabah, Borneo

Malaysia: Borneo (Sabah) – A visit to the Sepilok Orangutan Sanctuary

For as long as I can remember I have had a love affair with orangutans. so a trip to Borneo has long been on my bucket list. I felt the urgent need to do this visit sooner rather than later because of the threat to primary rain forests from the ravages of the timber trade (50% of tropical timber procurement comes from Borneo) and the rapid growth of palm oil plantations, with large tracts of rain forest are being cleared for palm planting.

Borneo is the third biggest island in the world and is divided into three political jurisdictions: Malaysia (about 26% of the landmass), Indonesia (73%) and the independent state of Brunei (1%). The island sits approximately 50% in the northern and southern hemispheres. Around 21 million people call Borneo home.



It is difficult to describe how excited I was when we landed in Sandakan, which is located in the North East of the Malaysian part of Borneo, in the region of Sabah. The airport is tiny with just a few flights a day but nonetheless took an age for our bags to appear at baggage collection. I think things get complicated as our flight came from Kuala Lumpur and the flight was full of local people who had visited or were visiting – so they had bought back with the boxes of stuff – from paper to ceiling fans!

From the airport, we transferred to our base for the next couple of days the Sepilok Jungle Resort, which is located right next door to the Orangutan sanctuary. We would strongly recommend this place if you are looking to spend a few days in Sepilok to see the orangutans (see more about this later in this post.)

In the morning, still suffering from the effects, we were awake at the crack of dawn so we got up and headed out hoping to see the orangutan who had nested by close by. Sadly he or she had left already, so we instead explored the boardwalks around the resort. At this early hour, there is a changing of the guard from the nocturnal night shift and day time crew. The variety of birdlife was incredible even in the narrow confines of the resort.

After breakfast we were heading back to our room we had one of the staff waving their hands wildly at us to follow her. We were just in time to see an orangutan wandering calmly along the boardwalk before disappearing into the jungle. As we walked back Karen got talking to one of the other guests and apparently, she had seen this orangutan on the deck of her chalet get frustrated whilst trying on her husband’s t-shirt. When the orangutan saw her they bared their teeth which not surprisingly spooked her.

Our first visit of the day was to the Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre. These beautiful creatures spend most of their time swinging high up in the canopy of the rain forest. As they get older they become less mobile and will be found wandering around the floor of the jungle. The word orangutan means “man of the forest” and it is believed this name resulted from the indigenous people seeing the older, large apes lumbering around the forest.

The Centre was founded in 1964, to rehabilitate orphan orangutans. The site is 43 sq km of protected land at the edge of Kabili Sepilok Forest Reserve. Today around 60 to 80 orangutans are living free in the reserve. They claim to have had 740 orangutans through their doors many of which have been returned to the wild throughout Sabah. Most of the rescued apes are found orphaned in the jungle, their parents killed by hunters or more often than not farmers or loggers. These orphans are trained over several years to fend for themselves and are hopefully returned to the wild, either in the reserve around Sepilok or further afield in other parts of Sabah. The Centre is officially administered by the Sabah Wildlife Department, which provides limited funding, the large balance of financial support comes from the fees from visitors and also a considerable amount of support comes from the Orangutan Appeal UK.

The Rehabilitation Centre is open all year round. The peak visitor times are during the feeding times at the platforms at 10 a.m and 3 p.m. There are two feeding platforms; one is in the nursery observation area where some of the younger orangutans are bought out. The second feeding station is further out in the reserve and is visited by apes who have been released as well as some other local primates, such as pig-tailed and long-tailed macaque monkeys.

It was wonderful to see the orangutans close-up, and especially to see them swinging carefree through the trees around the reserves. Truly an awe-inspiring experience!

A juvenile orangutan at the feeding station - Sepilok Orangutan Sanctuary, Sabah, Borneo
A juvenile orangutan at the feeding station - Sepilok Orangutan Sanctuary
A very young orangutan at the training centre - Sepilok, Orangutan Sanctuary, Sabah, Borneo
A very young orangutan at the training centre
A very young oraNot quite sure what to eat next! - Sepilok, Orangutan Sanctuary
A very young oraNot quite sure what to eat next!
A female orangutan and baby waits to go the feeding station - Sepilok Orangutan Sanctuary, Sabah, Borneo
A female orangutan and baby waits to go the feeding station
Mother and child - Sepilok Orangutan Sanctuary, Sabah, Borneo
Mother and child at the feeding station
Orangutan and long tailed macaque at the feeding station - Sepilok Orangutan Sancutary, Sabah, Borneo
Orangutan & long tailed macaque feeding
Feeding time brings all sorts to the table - Sepilok Orangutan Sanctuary, Sabah, Borneo
Feeding time brings all sorts to the table

In Summary …

  • A visit to the Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre is a must – they are amazing creatures
  • The Centre gets very busy at the time when the food is put out on the feeding platforms – but this is the best time to see the orangutans. 
  • Consider sponsoring an orangutan at the Rehabilitation Centre – they are struggling to survive in the wild due to conflict with humans

Planning your trip

Most people going to Sepilok will fly into Kota Kinabalu or Sandakan. Many of these flights will come from Malaysia. From Kota Kinabalu, you can fly to Sandakan or catch a bus. There are buses from Sandakan to Sepilok or you can catch a taxi.

From Sandakan: There are usually four public buses which come directly to Sepilok (at 9:00, 11:30, 14:00 and 17:00) and four returning back to Sandakan (at 06:00, 10:30, 12:30 and 16:00). The bus journey takes around 45 minutes and costs 4RM per person. We advise you to check the times and locations locally, as we are not able to guarantee this information.

Location:200, Sandakan, Jalan Sepilok, Sepilok, 90000 Sandakan
Hours:Opens at 8:45am and closes at 5pm
Admission fee: 30RM for foreign tourists, the ticket allows you to attend both feedings that day.
There is also a camera fee of RM10 (approximately £2) should you wish to take your camera to the feedings with you.

Best time to visit Sabah, Borneo

The best time to visit Borneo is between March and October, when the island is hot, humid, and at its driest. This makes it one of Southeast Asia’s few summer destinations. It is also the best time to see orangutans in the wild, while turtles can be seen on Lankayan Island between June and September.

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Where to stay?


Set in Sepilok, 15 mi from Sandakan, Sepilok B&B offers a restaurant and free WiFi. Close to the Orangutan Sanctuary and the Rainforest Discovery Centre. The nearest airport is Sandakan Airport, which is 8.1 miles away.

Bed & Breakfast Sepilok B&B, Sandakan -


Nature Lodge Sepilok is located, just before the junction to Rainforest Discovery Center, the Lodge is located 1.5KM from the roundabout at the main road, 800m to Rainforest Discovery Center and 1.2KM to Sepilok Orang Utan centre. Nature Lodge Sepilok offers 2 room options – dormitory and chalet type to suit your budget.

Exterior view


During our visit to Sepilok, we stayed at the Sepilok Jungle Resort, enclosed inside a tropical virgin rainforest, adjacent to the world-famous Sepilok Orangutan Sanctuary. In fact, wild orangutans were visiting the Resort during our stay – we even saw one early in the morning walking around the boardwalks and apparently taking things from people’s balconies.

The rooms were basic but comfortable. The breakfasts were fine and they accommodated us being vegan. We also had an evening meal there which was traditional Malaysian fare – very tasty. The whole place is surrounded by rainforest, which is spectacular. In the evenings they run a night safari that goes out into the rainforest, which is a very noisy place at night with all the nocturnal creatures coming to life. We got to see some interesting bugs and birds on our adventure, including leeches … yuk!

In the evenings they run a night safari that goes out into the rainforest, which is a very noisy place at night with all the nocturnal creatures coming to life.

The walk itself started close to the main lodge. Being in a rain forest means that the area gets more than its fair share of rain, so they have wellington boots you can borrow (I am a US size 13 … which proved to be challenging) as well as some very poor flashlights (or torches as our fellow Brits would say). As we waited for our group to gather we had a very unexpected treat, a young orangutan decided to build its nest in the tree right above our heads. We were told the attraction of this particular tree was its fruits, which were now fully ripe. It is obvious that orangutans don’t have any natural threats (apart from man) as they make one hell of a racket whilst building their bed for the night.

By the time we set off, it was pitch black. The dense jungle means that there is no natural light so having flashlights with you is pretty much essential. The thing that really hits you the most is not the darkness but how really noisy the jungle is at night – there is a true cacophony of sounds emanating from all directions. If you are a light sleeper forget about having a good nights rest! During the tour, we got to see insects (pill millipedes and stick insects), invertebrates (leeches!), frogs and some small roosting tailorbirds.

At the end of the tour we did a leech check, and much to her horror Karen has two latched to her. One was on her jacket and the other had managed to work its way on to her cleavage – I thought this was hilarious … she didn’t quite see the funny side.

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