The 9/11 Memorial & Museum lay in the footprint of the twin towers of the World Trade Center that was attacked by terrorists deliberately flying aircraft into these buildings on September 11, 2001. Two additional aircraft were hijacked, one crashing into the Pentagon and the second brought down in a field by the brave efforts of the passengers on board. In total, nearly 3000 people lost their lives. The memorial and museum provide a place to contemplate and document what happened on that tragic day in 2001.
After a gruelling two years crossing the country, charting new territory Lewis & Clark, and the Corps of Discovery ended up in Oregon
Back in September 1803, US President Thomas Jefferson decided he ought to find out more about the territory he had just acquired for the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. You might have thought he’d have done his due diligence before buying but no – I guess there is not much come back when you are President for only a handful of years.
Anyway, Jefferson decided to recruit his trusty mates Meriweather Lewis and William Clark to lead an expedition up the Missouri River to chart the new territory and find a route to the Pacific Ocean. The assembled crew of 45 were known as the Corps of Discovery. They set out into uncharted waters and it was not an easy journey as they battled the elements, wild animals and had to forge relationships with the local Native American tribes they encountered along their route.
It was not until November 1805 that they first sighted the Pacific Ocean and they worked their way down the mighty Colombia River. Needing a bit of a break they decided to settle down for the winter in the woods just outside what is now Astoria on the North-Eastern tip of Oregon.
Unfortunately, in those days they didn’t have long term weather forecasts or good local knowledge. The poor old Corps of Discovery suffered a miserable winter in Oregon – they only had about one day when it didn’t rain during the 4 months they were there.
1. REPLICA OF FORT CLATSOP
Sadly, the visitor centre was closed due to the Covid-19 pandemic so we had to satisfy ourselves with exploring the outside. Luckily, unlike the Corps, we had been blessed with splendid weather! The fort that Lewis and Clark had constructed was more of a wooden stockade to keep out wild creatures rather than marauding locals – it, of course, has not survived the passage of time in this wet climate.
Today, in its place sits a replica of what the National Park Service could construe from the diaries of Lewis and Clark. It is compact and cosy! During the season there are Rangers and volunteers who provide snippets of the travels of Lewis and Clark and what life would have been like at Fort Clatsop during those times. Life would have been tough and not helped by the incessant rain! They were made of tougher stuff in those days – I am pretty sure I would not last five minutes if I were catapulted back in time to be a member of the Corps.
The Fort itself is tiny and wandering in and out of the handful of rooms, even if you did it three times would only take about 10 minutes!
2. EXPLORE THE TRAILS
There are several trails that run through the park if you fancy a bit of a walk. The shortest of these take you down to the Netul River to the landing point that Lewis and Clark parked their canoes and wombled to the site where Fort Clatsop was erected. It is a pleasant wooded walk and not too strenuous.
If you fancy something more challenging then the 6.5 mile Fort To Sea Trail wends its way through the woods south of Fort Clatsop to Sunset Beach on the Pacific Ocean, forging through ancestral lands of the Clatsop Indians. Beware this is not a circular trail – so if you have not parked a vehicle at Sunset Beach you’ll have to walk another 6.5 miles back! Also, there are sections of the trail that are steep, going both uphill and downhill, sections of the trail that can be slick and muddy, and areas without much vegetative cover.
Planning your visit to the Lewis & Clark National Monument
The Lewis and Clark National Monument is close to the mouth of the Columbia Rivier in North-Western Oregon and a few miles from the port city of Astoria. The main attractions here are:
- The visitor’s centre
- A replica of the Fort
Sadly, when we visited the visitor’s centre was closed due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
Best time to visit Astoria
Since it’s the warmest and driest season, summer is the most popular time of year on the Oregon Coast. The crowds can be pretty big at times on the North Coast and Central Coast, especially in Seaside, Cannon Beach, Lincoln City and Newport. The South Coast is less crowded in summer because of its distance from major metropolitan areas. Many people agree that fall is the best time to visit the coast because the weather is still warm, it’s much less busy and accommodations prices drop a little. Winter on the Oregon Coast is not for everyone, but plenty of people love it. Winter storm watching is a thing on the Oregon Coast, and the beachcombing for agates, fossils and shells is the best. November to January is the rainiest season on the coast. Late spring is lovely on the coast, and it’s a great time to visit the coast before the crowds come. Whatever time of year you come, bring layers and prepare for the possibility of rain.
Eating and drinking in Astoria
For small-town Astoria is blessed with a lot of breweries and pubs. The Fort George Brewery and Pub is located in downtown Astoria. It has a large indoor seating and outdoors for the summer. We like our dark beers and they had a couple on tap, even in the summer when breweries tend to focus on lighter beers. Their main menu consists of a lot of pizzas which generally is not great for us as we’re vegan, but they did have vegan cheese and were able to ‘veganize’ a pizza for us.
The Buoy Beer Company brewery sits down on the Astoria waterfront. It has more of an industrial feel to it than the Fort George brewery but does offer the beauty of outdoor seating with views of the Columbia River. We tried their porter, which was very nice. The menu again was regular fare, but the options were limited for vegans and vegetarians.
Not too far from the Buoy Brewery is the Astoria Brewing Company which is Astoria oldest microbrewery. There is outside seating that has views of the Columbia River. We chose not to eat here (apart from a bowl of fries) as the vegan options again were not great. Instead, we focussed on the beers, choosing to sample the different option with a flight of tasters. I must say they were very good!
Located a couple of miles, out on Pier 39, is the Rogue Pub. The food here is really good and they do some mighty fine stouts. Probably the best thing about the pub is being able to sit outside on the deck, especially if you can get to the far west side, and watch the sunset. If there is no room you can always pop away from the pub and head down the west side of the pier and watch the sun go down.
As vegans, it is sometimes difficult to find somewhere suitable, especially when you are staying in small towns. The options are often limited, but it is definitely getting easier to find good options in restaurants and supermarkets. When you find somewhere that is exclusively vegan or vegetarian you hit the jackpot. We never expected to find a place that was vegan friendly, so it was a great surprise to find the Blue Scorcher Cafe Bakery in the same building as the Fort George Brewery. The only drawback was that it only opened for breakfast and lunch.
Where to stay
‘At the Helm Hotel’ is located in Ilwaco, WA just across the Columbia River from Astoria. This 5-star hotel offers room service.
A room during peak summer months will cost you around $260 per night.
The Astoria Riverwalk Inn is located just one minute walk from Port of Astoria Marina and the Riverwalk Trolley Bus, this Oregon motel features simply furnished rooms.
Guest rooms at this motel include views of the marina and the Astoria-Megler Bridge.
A room here in the summer will set you back about $180 per night.
The Norblad Hotel is a historic 90-year-old building located in Astoria, less than 5-minute walk from the restaurants and shops lining the Astoria Riverwalk.
An ensuite Queen room here in the summer will set you back about $140 per night.