Mardi Gras is a tradition in many places around the World, but nowhere does it like New Orleans
Mardi Gras, or Fat Tuesday, is a New Orleans tradition that stretches back to a time in the area before New Orleans existed as a city in 1718. By the 1730s, Mardi Gras was celebrated openly in New Orleans, but not with the parades we know today.
The earliest reference to Mardi Gras “Carnival” appears in a 1781 report to the Spanish colonial governing body. By the late 1830s, New Orleans held street processions of maskers with carriages and horseback riders to celebrate Mardi Gras.
In 1870, Mardi Gras’ second Krewe, the Twelfth Night Revelers, was formed. This is also the first recorded account of Mardi Gras “throws.” 1872 was the year that a group of businessmen invented a King of Carnival, Rex, to preside over the first daytime parade.
Mardi Gras is about music, parades, picnics, floats and excitement. It’s one big holiday in New Orleans!
Revellers know to wear costumes or at least dress in purple, green, and gold, and adorn themselves with long beads caught from the floats of previous parades. You’ll see a lot of crazy costumes, kids with their families are everywhere, and both locals and visitors having a great time. Parade-goers will sit on the ground, throw balls, play music, eat great food and watch the crowds walk by between parades. On Mardi Gras day, the majority of non-essential businesses are shut down because of the celebration.
Mardi Gras World
|Address:||1380 Port of New Orleans Place, New Orleans, LA 70130|
|Hours:||7 days a week 9:00 am to 5:30 pm – the first tour at 9:30 am and last at 4:30 pm|
|Admission fees:||Adults $22; Seniors 65+ $17; Students with college ID $17; Children 2-11 $14|
Mardi Gras World is located in the Port of New Orleans near to the Convention Centre. You can drive there but the parking costs around $20. It is also possible to walk but it will probably take 30 minutes or more and in the humidity of New Orleans this could be a hot and sweaty trip. Luckily, the folks of Mardi Gras World provide free shuttle buses that call at many stips in the downtown area of the city.
There is no self-guided tour of the Mardi Gras World. The only option is to join a tour which runs every hour. This is a working factory, with people actively working on building the floats for Mardi Gras – hence the need to be guided. At the end of the tour, having been introduced to the areas of the factory you are welcomed to go back to any parts of the factory again.
The tour starts with a 15-minute film that introduces the history of the Mardi Gras and the Kern Factory – which is one of several factories in that make floats for the Mardi Gras. Although the main focus is on Fat Tuesday the parade season starts a few weeks beforehand to accommodate everyone who wants to participate and these parades happen all around the city.
Some fun facts about Mardi Gras.
- The official colours of the Mardi Gras are purple, gold and green
- There are around 70 parades in the city of New Orleans in the Mardi Gras parade season.
- Masks are required by law for the float riders
- Parades are planned by Krewes – a sort of club – that pay for and own the floats. Dues for these Krewes range for $20 to thousands. Krewe members have to pay for their own costumes, beads, security and clean-up. There are over 50 registered Krewes in South Louisiana and 3 super-Krewes.
To start our tour we headed to the department where the characters and objects that adorn the floats are created. These are collectively known as props. Whilst the floats themselves are owned by the krewes the props are owned by the companies that create them. Most of the props are cut and created from sheets of styrofoam (polystyrene to my British brethren) that are stuck together and moulded. I have a real issue with the feel and particularly the sound of styrofoam being cut (it is the squeaky sound) so there is no way I could work here! Anyway, after the props have been cut to shape, they are covered with paper mache to provide a smoothe surface for painting.
Our journey continued through the factory, where there are many more figures to be seen of every shape and size. There are also some of the final 2019 floats, complete with their props attached, awaiting remodelling for the 2020 Mardi Gras season. Each year the krewes decide on a new theme and work with the designers at places like Kerns to execute these concepts. The props are recycled often, with bits being hewn off or stuck on. We also got to see some floats in a stripped-down form undoing a major remodel.
There is one large room with a robotic arm, lovingly called Pixie, after a former much-loved worker who died of cancer. Whilst much of the work on creating the props is done by people, Pixie enables some work to be done at a greater rate.
As you walk around the factory you see an amazing range of characters sculpted for the Mardi Gras, but the factory also does work for other parades such as Halloween and Christmas parades that take place in New Orleans and commission work for businesses – like casinos.
A visit to Mardi Gras World is well worth it, especially if you have kids with you. But it is also great to go as an adult. I enjoyed not only seeing the final production work of the factory but I also learned a lot about the history and traditions of Mardi Gras and the creation of the amazing floats that garnish the annual parades. Definitely worth checking out when you are in town.