Uganda is a country that is located in East Africa. It is bordered by South Sudan to the north, Kenya to the east, Tanzania to the south, Rwanda to the southwest and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Uganda is a landlocked country with breathtaking landscapes, flora, and fauna. Winston Churchill named Uganda – the pearl of Africa in 1908, due to its vast scale, profusion of birds, insect & reptile making it one of the top destinations for an African Safari.
Uganda has an interesting history. Pre-colonial Uganda was not a single country but a number of Kingdoms and Chiefdoms, that were often in conflict for one reason or another. Outside influences began to change the course of this part of Africa’s history in the late 19th Century; initially, the Arabs were followed by British and French missionaries – who bought Christianity to the area. This of course brought with it conflict which ended up with the British making what is largely now known as Uganda a ‘protectorate’ in 1894. In 1962 Uganda gained independence which followed a series of military dictatorships – the notable of which was headed by Idi Amin.
Amin was eventually removed after the Uganda – Tanzania war. He was succeeded by Yoweri Museveni. Parliament abolished presidential term limits in 2005, allegedly because Museveni used public funds to pay US$2,000 to each member of parliament who supported the measure. So, he is still President today, often by using violence to suppress his opponents and shady and shameless vote rigging.
Corruption goes beyond the country’s leader. Transparency International has rated Uganda’s public sector as one of the most corrupt in the world. In 2016, Uganda ranked 151st best out of 176 and had a score of 25 on a scale from 0 (perceived as most corrupt) to 100 (perceived as clean).
Interesting facts about Uganda
1. Uganda is the second largest landlocked country in the world in terms of population. It falls second only to Ethiopia.
2. Uganda is one of the best settings for the adventurous spirit seeking first-hand wildlife experience. You can see the Big Five (African Cape Buffalo, African Lions, African Leopards, Southern White Rhino, African Bush Elephants) in the country.
3. Uganda is one of the few places on Earth where you can still find the endangered Mountain Gorilla. It is estimated that half of their population lives in Uganda (in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park).
4. Lake Victoria in Uganda is the largest lake in Africa. It is also the second largest freshwater lake in the world. Lake Victoria is one of the Nile River’s sources and is even said to be where it begins.
5. Uganda has a young population. With 48% of the population below 15 years of age, it is the second youngest country in the world.
7. There are only a few countries that the equator runs through. Uganda is one of them. In Uganda, the equator is located 75 km south of Kampala.
9. Uganda is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world.
10. Uganda is one of the world’s poorest and least-developed countries. Unemployment is a huge concern in Uganda many locals find work with local cottage industries and many are still unemployed. Despite being poor, Uganda hosts more refugees than any other country in Africa. The refugees are mostly from the neighbouring countries of DRC or South Sudan.