KwaZulu-Natal, formerly Natal, province of South Africa, occupying the southeastern portion of the country. It is bounded to the north by Swaziland and Mozambique, to the east by the Indian Ocean, to the south by Eastern Cape province, to the west by Lesotho and Free State province, and to the northwest by Mpumalanga province. Within KwaZulu-Natal is an enclave of Eastern Cape province consisting of the eastern portion of the former Griqualand East (around Umzimkulu). The provincial capital is Pietermaritzburg.
Under the former system of apartheid, or racial separation, Natal province contained the nonindependent Black state of KwaZulu, which served as the legal homeland of the country’s Zulus. Following the repeal of apartheid and the resorption of KwaZulu in 1994, Natal was renamed KwaZulu-Natal.